Influence in Ireland: St Peter's, Rome
For so long, the Church of Rome cast a long shadow over Irish politics. And that church was deeply conservative not only in religious matters, but also in its control of so much in the country. So when it was proposed to modernise the Irish healthcare system and make it free and without means-testing for mothers and their children up to the age of 16, in the late 1940s, the Church resisted. The reason was straightforward.